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Magnetic-field-induced superconductivity and superfluidity of W and Z bosons: in tandem transport and kaleidoscopic vortex states

Abstract : We show that in a background of a sufficiently strong magnetic field the electroweak sector of the quantum vacuum exhibits superconducting and, simultaneously, superfluid properties due to magnetic-field-induced condensation of, respectively, W and Z bosons. The phase transition to the "tandem" superconductor--superfluid phase - which is weakly sensitive to the Higgs sector of the standard model - occurs at the critical magnetic field of 10^{20} Tesla. The superconductor-superfluid phase has anisotropic transport properties as both charged and neutral superflows may propagate only along the magnetic field axis. The ground state possesses an unusual "kaleidoscopic" structure made of a hexagonal lattice of superfluid vortices superimposed on a triangular lattice of superconductor vortices. A weak electric field will induce both superconducting and, unexpectedly, superfluid flows.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00718707
Contributor : Maxim Chernodub <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 18, 2012 - 8:25:51 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 13, 2018 - 1:22:41 AM

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M. N. Chernodub, Jos van Doorsselaere, Henri Verschelde. Magnetic-field-induced superconductivity and superfluidity of W and Z bosons: in tandem transport and kaleidoscopic vortex states. Physical Review D, American Physical Society, 2013, 88, pp.065006. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevD.88.065006⟩. ⟨hal-00718707⟩

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