Abstract : Segmentation is one of the key tools in medical image analysis. The objective of segmentation is to provide reliable, fast, and effective organ delineation. While traditionally, particularly in computer vision, segmentation is seen as an early vision tool used for subsequent recognition, in medical imaging the opposite is often true. Recognition can be performed interactively by clinicians or automatically using robust techniques, while the objective of segmentation is to precisely delineate contours and surfaces. This can lead to effective techniques known as "intelligent scissors" in 2D and their equivalent in 3D.