CO2 percolation experiment through chlorite/zeolite-rich sandstone (Pretty Hill Formation - Otway Basin-Australia)

Abstract : Underground CO2 sequestration is highly recommended as an effective means of significantly decreasing CO2 concentration in the atmosphere. Mineral storage is the more secure technology, but requires the presence of high concentration of divalent cations in the pore-fluid. Results from CO2 percolation experiments through chlorite/zeolite-rich sandstone samples from the Pretty Hill Formation (Otway Basin, Australia) are presented. The dissolution of the laumontite (7 wt.%) and chamosite (7 wt.%) are the potential sources of calcium, iron and magnesium required for carbonate precipitation. The percolation experiment was setup to reproduce, at laboratory scale, the in situ temperature and pressure conditions (T = 95 degrees C and P = 10 MPa). The fluid injected at constant flow rate is a rock-equilibrated brine subsequently enriched in CO2 up to partial pressure of 6 MPa. We observe feldspars, laumontite and chamosite dissolution, kaolinite and silica precipitation and a noticeable sink of CO2 in the sample which is attributed to the precipitation of both amorphous carbon due to the reduction of CO2 and Fe-rich carbonate. Permeability decreases of about one order of magnitude due to the localization of the kaolinite precipitation in the main flow paths, while porosity increases. The high reactivity of this sandstone makes this reservoir a valuable target for CO2 mineralization, but the associated permeability decrease may limit the injection rate and the spreading of the CO2 in the reservoir.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 28, 2012 - 12:03:05 PM
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Linda Luquot, Muriel Andreani, Philippe Gouze, Pierre Camps. CO2 percolation experiment through chlorite/zeolite-rich sandstone (Pretty Hill Formation - Otway Basin-Australia). Chemical Geology, Elsevier, 2012, 294, pp.75-88. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2011.11.018⟩. ⟨hal-00712829⟩



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