Abstract : Using kernels to embed non linear data into high dimensional spaces where linear analysis is possible has become utterly classical. In the case of the Gaussian kernel however, data are distributed on a hypersphere in the corresponding Reproducing Kernel Hilbert Space (RKHS). Inspired by previous works in non-linear tatistics, this article investigates the use of dedicated tools to take into account this particular geometry. Within this geometrical interpretation of the kernel theory, Riemannian distances are preferred over Euclidean distances. It is shown that this amounts to consider a new kernel and its corresponding RKHS. Experiments on real publicly available datasets show the possible benefits of the method on clustering tasks, notably through the definition of a new variant of kernel k-means on the hypersphere. Classification problems are also considered in a classwise setting. In both cases, the results show improvements over standard techniques.