A "four-ferrocene" modified stem-loop structure as a probe for sensitive detection and single-base mismatch discrimination of DNA

Abstract : We report the use of a four-ferrocene modified oligonucleotide as a probe for DNA detection with a gold electrode microsystem. This oligonucleotide is synthesized by automated solid-phase synthesis with four successive ferrocene moieties at the 5′-end and a C6-thiol modifier group at the 3′-end. The grafting of this 4Fc-DNA probe on a gold electrode microsystem results in the appearance of the ferrocene redox couple in cyclic voltammetry. The probe sequence is a stem-loop structure that folds efficiently on the electrode, thus optimizing electron transfer. Such architecture serves as sensor for DNA detection which is based on hybridization. The resulting disposable voltammetric sensor allowed direct, reagentless DNA detection in a small volume (20 μL). Electrochemical response upon hybridization with complementary short sequence (30-base length) and long sequence (50-base length) strands was observed by differential pulse voltammetry. Current variations were compared. The longer the sequence, the greater the decrease in current. The system's detection limit was estimated at 3.5 pM (0.07 fmol in 20 μL) with the 50-base length target and provided a dynamic detection range between 3.5 pM and 5 nM. Single mismatch detection showed a good level of sensitivity. The system was regenerated twice with no significant loss of Fc signal. Finally, 1 pM sensitivity was reached with a long chain analog of DNA PCR products of Influenza virus.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00698518
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 16, 2012 - 4:20:53 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 25, 2018 - 1:24:39 AM

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Grégory Chatelain, Micaël Ripert, Carole Farre, Salomé Ansanay-Alex, Carole Chaix. A "four-ferrocene" modified stem-loop structure as a probe for sensitive detection and single-base mismatch discrimination of DNA. Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2012, 59, pp.57-63. ⟨10.1016/j.electacta.2011.10.030⟩. ⟨hal-00698518⟩

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