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Codon usage in bacteria: correlation with gene expressivity

Manolo Gouy 1 Christian Gautier 2 
2 Baobab
PEGASE - Département PEGASE [LBBE]
Abstract : The nucleic acid sequence band now contains over 600 protein coding genes of which 107 are from prokaryotic organisms. Codon frequencies in each new prokaryotic gene are given. Analysis of genetic code usage in the 83 sequenced genes of the Escherichia coli genome (chromosome, transposons and plasmids) is presented, taking into account new data on gene expressivity and regulation as well as iso-tRNA specificity and cellular concentration. The codon composition of each gene is summarized using two indexes: one is based on the diferential usage of iso-tRNA species during gene translation, the other on choice between Cytosine and Uracile for third base. A strong relationship between codon composition and mRNA expressivity is confirmed, even for genes transcribed in the same operon. The influence of codon use on peptide elongation rate and protein yield is discussed. Finally, the evolutionary aspect of codon selection in mRNA sequences is studied.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 16, 2012 - 1:48:58 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 4, 2021 - 2:52:05 PM

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Manolo Gouy, Christian Gautier. Codon usage in bacteria: correlation with gene expressivity. Nucleic Acids Research, Oxford University Press, 1982, 10 (22), pp.7055-7074. ⟨10.1093/nar/10.22.7055⟩. ⟨hal-00697906⟩



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