Instabilities in a cylindrical cavity heated from below with a free surface. II. Effect of a horizontal magnetic field.

Abstract : The effect of a constant and uniform horizontal magnetic field on the flow in a cylindrical cavity heated from below, with a free surface at the top, is numerically investigated. The azimuthal modes, which usually trigger convection in a cylinder, are changed by the horizontal magnetic field to oriented modes, either parallel or perpendicular to the magnetic field direction. The corresponding primary thresholds increase with the Hartmann number Ha. This increase, however, depends on the structure of the modes and is the weakest for the parallel modes and the strongest for the perpendicular modes. The changes that affect the evolution of the primary thresholds with the aspect ratio for nonzero Ha are also emphasized. The nonlinear evolution of the convection with a horizontal magnetic field is presented through bifurcation diagrams for different values of the Prandtl number Pr. For Pr=1 and small values of Ha, the structuring effect of the horizontal magnetic field, which involves modifications of the flow structures and bifurcation points, is put into light. Results are finally shown for smaller Pr values corresponding to liquid metals.
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Ridha Touihri, Anas El Gallaf, Daniel Henry, Hamda Ben Hadid. Instabilities in a cylindrical cavity heated from below with a free surface. II. Effect of a horizontal magnetic field.. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2011, 84, pp.056303. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.84.056303⟩. ⟨hal-00691094⟩

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