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Effect of dehydration reactions on earthquake nucleation: Stable sliding, slow transients and unstable slip

Nicolas Brantut 1, * Jean Sulem 2 Alexandre Schubnel 1
* Corresponding author
2 cermes - Géotechnique
navier umr 8205 - Laboratoire Navier
Abstract : We study the influence of metamorphic dehydration reactions on the stability of slip in a one‐dimensional, spring‐slider model. The equations that govern the evolution of the velocity of sliding block and of pore pressure and temperature inside the slip zone are deduced from the mass and energy balance of the multiphases saturated medium and from the kinetics of the dehydration reaction. Such reactions induce two competing effects: a direct increase in pore pressure because they release fluid and a limit in temperature increase because part of the frictional heat is absorbed in the endothermic reactions. The effect of the chemical reaction on the stability of stationary slip is studied. Dehydration reactions increase the critical stiffness at which the system becomes unstable. Depending on the sign of the perturbations, it is shown that dehydration reactions can either (1) trigger a catastrophic increase of pore pressure at quasi‐constant temperature leading to vanishing effective stress or (2) trigger an arrest of the fault. Numerical simulations demonstrate the crucial role of initial pore pressure and temperature in the slip zone prior to the onset of the chemical reaction on the subsequent evolution of the system. For highly pressurized fault zones, in which the creep motion of the fault is stable in absence of dehydration reactions, the onset of the reaction can trigger transient slip events induced by chemical pressurization. The magnitude of such events appears to be proportional to the reaction progress. We conclude that metamorphic dehydration reactions strongly modify the nucleation of unstable slip and are a possible origin for slow slip events in subduction zones.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00688220
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Submitted on : Tuesday, April 17, 2012 - 9:58:41 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 8, 2020 - 10:20:51 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00688220, version 1

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Nicolas Brantut, Jean Sulem, Alexandre Schubnel. Effect of dehydration reactions on earthquake nucleation: Stable sliding, slow transients and unstable slip. Journal of Geophysical Research, American Geophysical Union, 2011, 116, pp.B05304. ⟨hal-00688220⟩

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