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Biomineralizations: insights and prospects from crustaceans.

Gilles Luquet 1, *
Abstract : For growing, crustaceans have to molt cyclically because of the presence of a rigid exoskeleton. Most of the crustaceans harden their cuticle not only by sclerotization, like all the arthropods, but also by calcification. All the physiology of crustaceans, including the calcification process, is then linked to molting cycles. This means for these animals to find regularly a source of calcium ions quickly available just after ecdysis. The sources of calcium used are diverse, ranging from the environment where the animals live to endogenous calcium deposits cyclically elaborated by some of them. As a result, crustaceans are submitted to an important and energetically demanding calcium turnover throughout their life. The mineralization process occurs by precipitation of calcium carbonate within an organic matrix network of chitin-proteins fibers. Both crystalline and stabilized amorphous polymorphs of calcium carbonate are found in crustacean biominerals. Furthermore, Crustacea is the only phylum of animals able to elaborate and resorb periodically calcified structures. Notably for these two previous reasons, crustaceans are more and more extensively studied and considered as models of choice in the biomineralization research area.
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 12, 2012 - 1:23:23 PM
Last modification on : Friday, February 14, 2020 - 12:36:03 PM

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Gilles Luquet. Biomineralizations: insights and prospects from crustaceans.. Zookeys, Pensoft, 2012, 176, pp.103-121. ⟨10.3897/zookeys.176.2318⟩. ⟨hal-00687137⟩



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