Multi-way Space-Time-WaveVector analysis for EEG source separation

Abstract : For the source analysis of ElectroEncephaloGraphic (EEG) data, both equivalent dipole models and more realistic distributed source models are employed. Several authors have shown that the Canonical Decomposition (or PARAFAC) of Space-Time-Frequency (STF) data can be used to fit equivalent dipoles to the electric potential data. In this paper we propose a new multi-way approach based on Space-Time-Wave-Vector (STWV) data obtained by a 3D local Fourier transform over space accomplished on the measured data. This method can be seen as a preprocessing step that separates the sources, reduces noise as well as interference and extracts the source time signals. The results can further be used to localize either equivalent dipoles or distributed sources increasing the performance of conventional source localization techniques like, for example, LORETA. Moreover, we propose a new, iterative source localization algorithm, called Binary Coefficient Matching Pursuit (BCMP), which is based on a realistic distributed source model. Computer simulations are used to examine the performance of the STWV analysis in comparison to the STF technique for equivalent dipole fitting and to evaluate the efficiency of the STWV approach in combination with LORETA and BCMP, which leads to better results in case of the considered distributed source scenarios.
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Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2012, 92 (4), pp.1021-1031. <10.1016/j.sigpro.2011.10.014>
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Hanna Becker, Pierre Comon, Laurent Albera, Martin Haardt, Isabelle Merlet. Multi-way Space-Time-WaveVector analysis for EEG source separation. Signal Processing, Elsevier, 2012, 92 (4), pp.1021-1031. <10.1016/j.sigpro.2011.10.014>. <hal-00683304>

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