Thermally and mechanically superior hybrid epoxy-silica polymer films via sol-gel method

Abstract : Hybrid organic-inorganic polymer films composed of an epoxy resin crosslinked with a flexible diamine hardener, and a silica reinforcing phase were produced and their thermo-mechanical properties were determined. Two types of hybrid epoxy-silica polymer films, named EAS-1 and EAS-2, were obtained by hydrolysis and condensation of various amounts of tetraethoxysilane within epoxy network matrix. In EAS-2 hybrids, minor amounts of an amine silane coupling agent were added to enhance interfacial compatibility. FTIR spectroscopy confirmed the formation of organic and inorganic networks. The grafting of amine silane on to the epoxy resin influenced the size and distribution of hyper-branched clusters of silica as indicated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The dynamic mechanical and thermal analysis (DMTA) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA) results showed an increase in the storage modulus, the glass-transition temperature, and the thermal stability of hybrid polymer films as compared to the neat matrix. The integration of amine silane coupling agent produced smaller, effectively dispersed silica nanoparticles and consequently improved the ultimate properties of polymer films.
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Tanzeela Nazir, Adeel Afzal, Humaira M. Siddiqi, Zahoor Ahmad, Michel Dumon. Thermally and mechanically superior hybrid epoxy-silica polymer films via sol-gel method. Progress in Organic Coatings, Elsevier, 2010, 69 (1), pp.100-106. ⟨10.1016/j.porgcoat.2010.05.012⟩. ⟨hal-00679310⟩



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