High temperature elasticity and viscosity of GexSe1-x glasses in the transition range

Abstract : The viscous-flow behavior and temperature dependence of the elastic moduli of chalcogenide glasses from the germanium-selenium system were studied by means of homemade high-temperature indentation setup and resonant-frequency technique (1-10 kHz), respectively, for temperatures between 0.8 and 1.2×Tg. The softening rates, both in the elastic and in the viscous-flow regimes, were correlated to network destructuration or reorganization events in the light of previously reported high-temperature neutron-scattering data. The concomitant change of Poisson's ratio (ν) and the thermodynamic parameters of the thermally activated viscous-flow process were characterized and provide a new basis for the understanding of the sources for the softening in the transition range. The temperature dependence of ν suggests weak changes of the network cross-linking degree at large Ge contents. On the contrary, in the case of a-Se, a steep fragmentation of the structural units is inferred from the ν(T) data, and the flow process is accompanied by a huge entropy change (activation entropy at saddle point). The entropy contribution at Tg (Tg ×dSa) represents more than 50% of the activation enthalpy for flow (dHa) and increases with the selenium content. Hence the free activation energy (dGa) is much smaller than apparent activation energy as derived from viscosity data.
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Y. Gueguen, Tanguy Rouxel, Cédric Bernard, Vincent Keryvin, Jena-Christophe Sangleboeuf, et al.. High temperature elasticity and viscosity of GexSe1-x glasses in the transition range. Physical Review B : Condensed matter and materials physics, American Physical Society, 2011, 84, pp.064201. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevB.84.064201⟩. ⟨hal-00676608⟩

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