Metal fluxes to the sediments of the Moulay Bousselham lagoon, Morocco.

Abstract : The metal content in surface sediments (0-2 cm, 26 samples), in a sediment core (120, 1 cm slices), taken from Moulay Bousselham (Morocco) was investigated. Concentrations of Al, Fe, Mn, Pb, Zn, Cu, Ni, Cr, Cd, As, and Hg were evaluated in surface and cored sediments of Moulay Bousselham lagoon. Significantly high concentrations in lg g-1 dw of Pb (31.7-6.2), Zn (758.9-167), Cu (310.7- 22), Ni (96-10.5), Cr (113-18.9), Cd (0.84-0.02), As (1-0.1), and Hg (0.61-0.02) were found in sediment samples from Moulay Bousselham lagoon. Calculated enrichment factors [EFMe = (Me/Al)sample/(Me/Al)background], using Al as a normalizer, and correlation matrices showed that metal pollution in Merja Zerga of Moulay Bousselham lagoon was the product of anthropogenic sources, while the metal content in Merja Kehla was of natural origins. The results suggest that a major change in the sedimentary regime of the lagoon, associated with internal trapping and re-distribution of heavy metal, has been occurring in the past few decades. The cause would appear to be the construction of a Nador Canal at the lagoon. Probable effects concentrations (PEC) were often exceeded for heavy metals in the lagoon sediments, especially for Zn, Cu, Ni, and Cr, and four stations, stations MZ-11, MZ-12, MZ-13, MZ-14, MZ-16, and MZ-17, had multiple metals at presumptively toxic levels. These comparisons suggest that sediment metal levels in the river are clearly high and probably pose an environmental risk at some stations. The levels of most of the metals were not greatly enriched, a consideration that is of the utmost importance when contamination issues are at stake. Metal concentrations found in Moulay Bousselham lagoon were comparable to aquatic systems classified as contaminated from other regions of the world.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 10, 2012 - 10:03:35 AM
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Asmae Mhamdi Alaoui, Mohamed Choura, Mohamed Maanan, Bendahhou Zourarah, Marc Robin, et al.. Metal fluxes to the sediments of the Moulay Bousselham lagoon, Morocco.. Environmental Earth Sciences, Springer, 2010, 61 (2), pp.275-286. ⟨10.1007/s12665-009-0341-9⟩. ⟨hal-00668623⟩

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