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Rationalité épistémique et sciences sociales

Abstract : Must social sciences attempt to explain the belief-forming process by examining their possible epistemic rationality? An affirmative answer raises immediately another question: how do we understand the fact that a belief is epistemically rational? On a first approach we could claim that the epistemic rationality of a belief that p depends only on the fact that agents had epistemic reasons to believe that p - assuming that these reasons must be included in the belief-forming process and have not been mere rationalizations. Is this a sufficient mark of identification? My leading question will be: how can we avoid the excessive attribution of rationality to the social agents' beliefs, while at the same time point to their irrationality grounded on their falsity? I will study different kinds of epistemic situations confronting the social sciences; examine for each situation the relevance of an analysis in terms of cognitive rationality; and explore the grade of cognitive rationality that we must ascribe to these kinds of beliefs.
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Contributor : Olivier Ouzilou <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 31, 2012 - 12:15:52 PM
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Olivier Ouzilou. Rationalité épistémique et sciences sociales. Rationalité épistémique et sciences sociales, Jun 2011, Aix-en-Provence, France. ⟨hal-00664684⟩

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