Use of chemical methods to assess Cd and Pb bioavailability to the snail Cantareus aspersus: A first attempt taking into account soil characteristics

Abstract : Bioavailability is a key parameter in conditioning contaminant transfer to biota. However, in risk assessment of terrestrial contamination, insufficient attention is being paid to the influence of soil type on trace metal bioavailability. This paper addresses the influence of soil properties on the chemical availability of cadmium (Cd) and lead (Pb) (CaCl2 extraction and ionic activity) and bioavailability (accumulation kinetics) to the land snail Cantareus aspersus. Snails were exposed to nine contaminated soils differing by a single characteristic (pH or organic matter content or clay content) for 28 days. Toxicokinetic models were applied to determine metal uptake and excretion rates in snails and multivariate regression was used to relate uptake parameters to soil properties. The results showed that alkalinisation of soil and an increase of the organic matter content decreased Pb and Cd bioavailability to snails whereas kaolin clay had no significant influence. The CaCl2-extractable concentrations tended to overestimate the effects of pH when used to explain metal uptake rate. We conclude that factors other than those controlling the extractable fraction affect metal bioavailability to snails, confirming the requirement of biota measurements in risk assessment procedures.
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Journal articles
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00662291
Contributor : Benjamin Pauget <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 23, 2012 - 4:24:04 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 5, 2018 - 5:04:02 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00662291, version 1
  • DOI : 10.1016

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Benjamin Pauget, Frédéric Gimbert, Michaël Coeurdassier, R. Scheifler, Annette De Vaufleury. Use of chemical methods to assess Cd and Pb bioavailability to the snail Cantareus aspersus: A first attempt taking into account soil characteristics. Journal of Hazardous Materials, Elsevier, 2011, 192 (3), pp.1804-1811. ⟨10.1016⟩. ⟨hal-00662291⟩

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