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Investigation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles toxicity and uptake by plants

Abstract : Nanoparticles (NP) are introduced in a growing number of commercial products and their production may lead to their release in the environment. Plants may be a potential entry point for NP in the food chain. Up to now, results describing NP phytotoxical effects and plant accumulation are scarce and contradictory. To increase knowledge on titanium dioxide NP (TiO2-NPs) accumulation and impact on plants, we designed a study on three plant species, namely wheat (Triticum aestivum), oilseed rape (Brassica napus) and Arabidopsis thaliana. These plants were exposed in hydroponics to a panel of well-characterized TiO2-NPs, with diameters ranging from 12 to 140 nm, either anatase or rutile. Their accumulation in plant tissues is currently being assessed by complementary imaging techniques: scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), micro-X-ray fluorescence (SR-μ-XRF) imaging and micro-particle induced X-ray emission (μ-PIXE) imaging. Moreover, the impact of TiO2-NP exposure on germination rate, root elongation, dry biomass and evapotranspiration is evaluated. Preliminary results are presented here, with data collected on wheat plants exposed to 12 nm and 25 nm anatase TiO2-NPs. These results show that TiO2-NPs are taken up by plants, and do not significantly alter their germination and root elongation. These results underline the necessity of deeper evaluation of nanoparticle ecotoxicity, and particularly on their interaction with plants.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00659367
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Submitted on : Thursday, January 12, 2012 - 4:09:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, January 21, 2022 - 3:34:19 AM

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C. Larue, H. Khodja, Nathalie Herlin-Boime, F. Brisset, A.-M. Flank, et al.. Investigation of titanium dioxide nanoparticles toxicity and uptake by plants. Nanosafe2010: International Conference on Safe Production and Use of Nanomaterials, Nov 2010, Grenoble, France. pp.012057, ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/304/1/012057⟩. ⟨hal-00659367⟩

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