Toxicity of dispersant application: biomarkers responses in gills of juvenile golden grey mullet (Liza aurata)

Abstract : Dispersant use in nearshore areas is likely to increase the exposure of aquatic organisms to petroleum. To measure the toxicity of this controversial response technique, golden grey mullets (Liza aurata) were exposed to mechanically dispersed oil, chemically dispersed oil, dispersant alone in seawater, water-soluble fraction of oil and to seawater as a control treatment. Several biomarkers were assessed in the gills (enzymatic antioxidant activities, glutathione content, lipid peroxidation) and in the gallbladder (polycylic aromatic hydrocarbons metabolites). The significant differences between chemically dispersed oil and water soluble fraction of oil highlight the environmental risk to disperse an oil slick when containment and recovery can be conducted. The lack of significance between chemically and mechanically dispersed oil suggests that dispersant application is no more toxic than the natural dispersion of the oil slick. The results of this study are of interest in order to establish dispersant use policies in nearshore areas.
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Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2011, 159 (10), pp.2921-2928. 〈10.1016/j.envpol.2011.04.035〉
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Thomas Milinkovitch, Joachim Godefroy, Michaël Théron, Hélène Thomas-Guyon. Toxicity of dispersant application: biomarkers responses in gills of juvenile golden grey mullet (Liza aurata). Environmental Pollution, Elsevier, 2011, 159 (10), pp.2921-2928. 〈10.1016/j.envpol.2011.04.035〉. 〈hal-00647259〉

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