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A Biomimetic steering robot for Minimally invasive surgery application

Abstract : Minimally Invasive Surgery represents the future of many types of medical inter- ventions such as keyhole neurosurgey or transluminal endoscopic surgery. These procedures involve insertion of surgical instruments such as needles and endoscopes into human body through small incision/ body cavity for biopsy and drug delivery. However, nearly all surgical instruments for these procedures are inserted manually and there is a long learning curve for surgeons to use them properly. Many research efforts have been made to design active instruments (endoscope, needles) to improve this procedure during last decades. New robot mechanisms have been designed and used to improve the dexterity of current endoscope. Usually these robots are flexible and can pass the constrained space for fine manipulations. In recent years, a con- tinuum robotic mechanism has been investigated and designed for medical surgery. Those robots are characterized by the fact that their mechanical components do not have rigid links and discrete joints in contrast with traditional robot manipula- tors. The design of these robots is inspired by movements of natural animals such as tongues, elephant trunks and tentacles. The unusual compliance and redundant degrees of freedom of these robots provide strong potential to achieve delicate tasks successfully even in cluttered and unstructured environments. This chapter will present a complete application of a continuum robot for Mini- mally Invasive Surgery of colonoscopy. This system is composed of a micro-robotic tip, a set of position sensors and a real-time control system for guiding the explo- ration of colon. Details will be described on the modeling of the used pneumatic actuators, the design of the mechanical component, the kinematic model analysis and the control strategy for automatically guiding the progression of the device inside the human colon. Experimental results will be presented to check the perfor- mances of the whole system within a transparent tube.
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Gang Chen, Minh Tu Pham, Talel Maalej, Hassen Fourati, Richard Moreau, et al.. A Biomimetic steering robot for Minimally invasive surgery application. In-Tech. Advances in Robot Manipulators, Ernest Hall, pp.1-25, 2010, ⟨10.5772/9676⟩. ⟨hal-00642483⟩

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