The CHESS spectral survey of star forming regions: Peering into the protostellar shock L1157-B1. I. Shock chemical complexity

C. Codella 1 B. Lefloch 1 C. Ceccarelli 1 J. Cernicharo 2 E. Caux 3, 4 A. Lorenzani 5 S. Viti 1 P. Hily-Blant 1 B. Parise 6 S. Maret 1 B. Nisini 7 P. Caselli 5 S. Cabrit 8 L. Pagani 8 M. Benedettini 1 A. Boogert 1 F. Gueth 9 G. Melnick 1 D. Neufeld 1 S. Pacheco 1 M. Salez 1 K. Schuster 1 A. Bacmann 10 Alain Baudry 10 T. Bell 1 E. A. Bergin 11 G. Blake 12 S. Bottinelli 6 Alain Castets 1 C. Comito 13 A. Coutens 1 N. Crimier 1 C. Dominik 14 K. Demyk 1 P. Encrenaz 8 E. Falgarone 15 A. Fuente 1 M. Gerin 8, 15 P. Goldsmith 1 F. Helmich 1 P. Hennebelle 1 Th. Henning 16 E. Herbst 17, 18 T. Jacq 10 C. Kahane 1 M. Kama 1 A. Klotz 6, 19 W. Langer 1 D. Lis 1 S. Lord 1 Justin Pearson 1 T. Phillips 1 P. Saraceno 20 P. Schilke 13, 21 X. Tielens 1 F. Van Der Tak 1 M. Van Der Wiel 1 C. Vastel 3, 4 Valentine Wakelam 22 A. Walters 1 F. Wyrowski 23 H. Yorke 1 C. Borys 1 Y. Delorme 8 C. Kramer 24 B. Larsson 1 I. Mehdi 1 V. Ossenkopf 25, 26 J. Stutzki 21
10 FORMATION STELLAIRE 2010
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
22 AMOR 2010
L3AB - Laboratoire d'astrodynamique, d'astrophysique et d'aéronomie de bordeaux, OASU - Observatoire aquitain des sciences de l'univers, LAB - Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux [Pessac], Université Sciences et Technologies - Bordeaux 1
Abstract : We present the first results of the unbiased survey of the L1157-B1 bow shock, obtained with HIFI in the framework of the key program Chemical HErschel Survey of Star forming regions (CHESS). The L1157 outflow is driven by a low-mass Class 0 protostar and is considered the prototype of the so-called chemically active outflows. The bright blue-shifted bow shock B1 is the ideal laboratory for studying the link between the hot (~1000-2000 K) component traced by H2 IR-emission and the cold (~10-20 K) swept-up material. The main aim is to trace the warm gas chemically enriched by the passage of a shock and to infer the excitation conditions in L1157-B1. A total of 27 lines are identified in the 555-636 GHz region, down to an average 3σ level of 30 mK. The emission is dominated by CO(5-4) and H2O(110-101) transitions, as discussed by Lefloch et al. in this volume. Here we report on the identification of lines from NH3, H2CO, CH3OH, CS, HCN, and HCO+. The comparison between the profiles produced by molecules released from dust mantles (NH3, H2CO, CH3OH) and that of H2O is consistent with a scenario in which water is also formed in the gas-phase in high-temperature regions where sputtering or grain-grain collisions are not efficient. The high excitation range of the observed tracers allows us to infer, for the first time for these species, the existence of a warm (≥200 K) gas component coexisting in the B1 bow structure with the cold and hot gas detected from ground. Herschel is an ESA space observatory with science instruments provided by European-led principal Investigator consortia and with important participation from NASA.Table 1 is only available in electronic form at http://www.aanda.org
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Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2010, 518, pp.L112. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201014582〉
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C. Codella, B. Lefloch, C. Ceccarelli, J. Cernicharo, E. Caux, et al.. The CHESS spectral survey of star forming regions: Peering into the protostellar shock L1157-B1. I. Shock chemical complexity. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2010, 518, pp.L112. 〈10.1051/0004-6361/201014582〉. 〈hal-00633450〉

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