Abstract : The shear behavior of a 6061 aluminum alloy was studied in the semisolid state at large solid fractions. The tests were carried out either at constant temperature after partial solidification (i.e., isothermal shear tests) or during solidification at low cooling rate (i.e., nonisothermal shear tests). In isothermal conditions, results show that (1) the mechanical behavior depends on the volume fraction of the solid phase present in the sample at the temperature of the test, (2) there is a critical solid fraction corresponding to the coalescence of the solid grains beyond which shear stress increases very sharply with increasing solid fraction, and (3) the mushy alloy exhibits viscoplastic behavior with a strain-rate-sensitivity parameter close to about 0.17. In nonisothermal conditions, results show that stress increases continuously with decreasing temperature whatever the strain rate. However, at high strain rate, it was observed that cracks developed when the solid fraction approaches 1, leading to a slower stress increase compared to that observed at low strain rate. Finally, modeling of this behavior is carried out by considering a cohesion parameter of the solid phase, which depends on solid fraction and strain rate.