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Development of a new quantitative gas permeability method for dental implant-abutment connection tightness assessment.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: Most dental implant systems are presently made of two pieces: the implant itself and the abutment. The connection tightness between those two pieces is a key point to prevent bacterial proliferation, tissue inflammation and bone loss. The leak has been previously estimated by microbial, color tracer and endotoxin percolation. METHODS: A new nitrogen flow technique was developed for implant-abutment connection leakage measurement, adapted from a recent, sensitive, reproducible and quantitative method used to assess endodontic sealing. RESULTS: The results show very significant differences between various sealing and screwing conditions. The remaining flow was lower after key screwing compared to hand screwing (p = 0.03) and remained different from the negative test (p = 0.0004). The method reproducibility was very good, with a coefficient of variation of 1.29%. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the presented new gas flow method appears to be a simple and robust method to compare different implant systems. It allows successive measures without disconnecting the abutment from the implant and should in particular be used to assess the behavior of the connection before and after mechanical stress.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00631233
Contributor : Sylvie Calas-Etienne <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 25, 2021 - 12:54:13 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 11, 2021 - 11:46:32 AM

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Jacques-Henri Torres, Michael Mechali, Olivier Romieu, Paul Tramini, Sylvie Etienne, et al.. Development of a new quantitative gas permeability method for dental implant-abutment connection tightness assessment.. BioMedical Engineering OnLine, BioMed Central, 2011, 10, pp.28. ⟨10.1186/1475-925X-10-28⟩. ⟨hal-00631233⟩

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