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Dual infections by influenza A/H3N2 and B viruses and by influenza A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 viruses during winter 2007, Corsica Island, France.

Abstract : BACKGROUND: The investigation of dual influenza infection human cases is of major interest specifically for the control of new emerging influenza strains. OBJECTIVES: Using RT-PCR assays, we retrospectively assessed the prevalence of dual influenza virus infections that occurred in patients during the 2006-2007 winter season in Corsica Island (France). STUDY DESIGN: One hundred and thirty-four nasal swabbing samples taken from patients suffering from influenza-like illness between February and March 2007 were analysed using a rapid influenza antigen detection test, cell culture and RT-PCR assays. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Influenza viruses were detected in 93 (69.4%) of 134 patients with influenza-like illness using the combination of classical and molecular assays. Dual respiratory infections by influenza viruses were detected in 3 (3.2%) of the 93 influenza positive patients, including two cases of infection by influenza A/H3N2 and B viruses and one case of dual infection by influenza A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 viruses. In the present report, human co-infection cases by two influenza viruses appeared as a rare event in symptomatic patients. However, the virological and epidemiological mechanisms that determine the occurrence of dual influenza infections remain to be fully investigated in further prospective multicentric studies.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00628445
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Submitted on : Monday, October 3, 2011 - 1:23:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 2:01:14 AM

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A. Falchi, C. Arena, L. Andreoletti, Julien Jacques, N. Leveque, et al.. Dual infections by influenza A/H3N2 and B viruses and by influenza A/H3N2 and A/H1N1 viruses during winter 2007, Corsica Island, France.. Journal of Clinical Virology, Elsevier, 2008, 41 (2), pp.148-51. ⟨10.1016/j.jcv.2007.11.003⟩. ⟨hal-00628445⟩

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