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Understanding the dual mobility concept for total hip arthroplasty. Investigations on a multiscale analysis-highlighting the role of arthrofibrosis

Abstract : In hip implants, UHMWPE (ultra high molecular weight polyethylene) liner wear is believed to be a key issue affecting the lifetime of the artificial joint. Dual mobility, a THA (total hip arthroplasty) concept where the liner moves inside the metallic shell, has become popular due to its low dislocation rate. To understand the tribological behavior of this particular implant, especially the role of the second mobility, 12 representative explants were selected from a bank of 250 explants. The implants used were Profil® femoral stem and Novae® metallic shell. The external surface, involved in the second mobility, was examined by 3D profilometry, SEM (scanning electron microscopy) and CMM (coordinate measuring machine). This study highlights a correlation between roughness and CMM evolutions and surgical parameters. A particular wear zone and a wear scenario were identified and validated according to the type of metal-back. A metal transfer between the metal back and the liner was isolated. CMM allowed to measure second mobility wear volume at a macroscopic scale. Thus a realistic wear mechanism has been suggested for this specific implant.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00620858
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Submitted on : Friday, September 9, 2011 - 3:53:01 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 9, 2021 - 12:54:06 PM

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Jean Geringer, Bertrand Boyer, Frédéric Farizon. Understanding the dual mobility concept for total hip arthroplasty. Investigations on a multiscale analysis-highlighting the role of arthrofibrosis. Wear, Elsevier, 2011, 271 (9-10), pp.2379-2385. ⟨10.1016/j.wear.2011.02.027⟩. ⟨hal-00620858⟩

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