Experimental constraints on ultrapotassic magmatism from the Bohemian Massif (durbachite series, Czech Republic)

Abstract : The equilibrium phase relations of a mafic durbachite (53 wt.% SiO2) from the TA (TM) ebi pluton, representative of the Variscan ultrapotassic magmatism of the Bohemian Massif (338-335 Ma), have been determined as a function of temperature (900-1,100A degrees C), pressure (100-200 MPa), and H2O activity (1.1-6.1 wt.% H2O in the melt). Two oxygen fugacity ranges were investigated: close to the Ni-NiO (NNO) buffer and 2.6 log unit above NNO buffer (a dagger NNO + 2.6). At 1,100A degrees C, olivine is the liquidus phase and co-crystallized with phlogopite and augite at 1,000A degrees C for the whole range of investigated pressure and water content in the melt. At 900A degrees C, the mineral assemblage consists of augite and phlogopite, whereas olivine is not stable. The stability field of both alkali feldspar and plagioclase is restricted to low pressure (100 MPa) at nearly water-saturated conditions (< 3-4 wt.% H2O) and T < 900A degrees C. A comparison between experimental products and natural minerals indicates that mafic durbachites have a near-liquidus assemblage of olivine, augite, Ti-rich phlogopite, apatite and zircon, followed by alkali feldspar and plagioclase, similar to the mineral assemblage of minette magma. Natural amphibole, diopside and orthopyroxene were not reproduced experimentally and probably result from sub-solidus reactions, whereas biotite re-equilibrated at low temperature. The crystallization sequence olivine followed by phlogopite and augite reproduces the sequence inferred in many mica-lamprophyre rocks. The similar fractionation trends observed for durbachites and minettes indicate that mafic durbachites are probably the plutonic equivalents of minettes and that K- and Mg-rich magmas in the Bohemian Massif may have been generated from partial melting of a phlogopite-clinopyroxene-bearing metasomatized peridotite. Experimental melt compositions also suggest that felsic durbachites can be generated by simple fractionation of a more mafic parent and mixing with mantle-derived components at mid crustal pressures.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 1, 2011 - 4:28:24 PM
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Fleurice Parat, Francois Holtz, Milos Rene, Renat Almeev. Experimental constraints on ultrapotassic magmatism from the Bohemian Massif (durbachite series, Czech Republic). Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, Springer Verlag, 2010, 159, pp.331-347. ⟨10.1007/s00410-009-0430-5⟩. ⟨hal-00618418⟩

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