Constraining methane release due to serpentinization by the observed D/H ratio on Mars

Eric Chassefière 1 François Leblanc 2
2 IMPEC - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : It has been suggested that Mars' atmospheric CH4 could be produced by crustal hydrothermal systems. The two most plausible mechanisms proposed so far, not exclusive from each other, are homogeneous formation by fluid–rock interaction during magmatic events and serpentinization of ultramafic rocks. The first goal of the present paper is to provide an upper limit on the release rate of serpentinization-derived CH4. Due to the release of numerous H2 molecules together with one CH4 molecule, followed by thermal escape of all released H atoms to space and subsequent H isotopic fractionation, even a relatively modest serpentinization-derived CH4 release acting over geological time scales may result in a significant enrichment of D wrt H in Mars' cryo-hydrosphere, including atmosphere, polar caps and subsurface reservoirs. By assuming that the CH4 release rate has been proportional to the volcanic extrusion rate during the last 4 billion years, we calculate the present D/H ratio resulting from the crustal oxidation due to serpentinization, including the additional effect of sulfur oxidation. We show that this rate doesn't exceed 20% (within a factor of 2) of the estimated present value of the CH4 release rate. If not, the present D/H ratio on Mars would be larger than observed (~ 5 SMOW). This result suggests that, either the production of CH4 is sporadic with a present release rate larger than the average rate, or there are other significant sources of CH4 like homogeneous formation from mantle carbon degassing or bacterial activity. Second, assuming further that most of the H isotopic fractionation observed today is due to serpentinization, we show that a ~ 400 m thick global equivalent layer of water may have been stored in serpentine since the late Noachian. This result doesn't depend on the chemical form of the released hydrogen (H2 or CH4). Such a quantity is generally considered as the amount required for explaining the formation of valley networks on Mars. Serpentinization therefore appears as a potentially efficient sink of water on Mars, much more efficient than O escape' for having removed large amounts of water from the hydrosphere.
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Article dans une revue
Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2011, 310 (3-4), pp.262-271. 〈10.1016/j.epsl.2011.08.013〉
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Soumis le : vendredi 26 août 2011 - 15:40:16
Dernière modification le : mercredi 19 septembre 2018 - 01:24:12

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Eric Chassefière, François Leblanc. Constraining methane release due to serpentinization by the observed D/H ratio on Mars. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, Elsevier, 2011, 310 (3-4), pp.262-271. 〈10.1016/j.epsl.2011.08.013〉. 〈hal-00617231〉

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