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Stability and Instability of the Isoelectronic UO22+ and PaO2+ Actinyl Oxo-Cations in Aqueous Solution from Density Functional Theory Based Molecular Dynamics

Abstract : In this work, Pa(V) monocations have been studied in liquid water by means of density functinal theory (DFT) based molecular dynamic simulations (CPMD) and compared with their U(VI) isoelectronic counterparts to understand the peculiar chemical behavior of Pa(V) in aqueous solution. Four different Pa(V) monocationic isomers appear to be stable in liquid water from our simulations: [PaO2(H2O)5]+(aq), [Pa(OH)4(H2O)2]+(aq), [PaO(OH)2(H2O)4]+(aq), and [Pa(OH)4(H2O)3]+(aq). On the other hand, in the case of U(VI) only the uranyl, [UO2(H2O)5]2+(aq), is stable. The other species containing hydroxyl groups replacing one or two oxo bonds are readily converted to uranyl. The Pa−OH bond is stable, while it is suddenly broken in U−OH. This makes possible the formation of a broad variety of Pa(V) species in water and participates to its unique chemical behavior in aqueous solution. Further, the two actinyl oxocations in water are different in the ability of the oxygen atoms to form stable and extended H-bond networks for Pa(V) contrary to U(VI). In particular, protactinyl is found to have between 2 and 3 hydrogen bonds per oxygen atom while uranyl has between zero and one.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00616985
Contributor : Riccardo Spezia <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 25, 2011 - 12:45:38 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 5, 2021 - 3:04:03 PM

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Riccardo Spezia, Bertrand Siboulet, Sacha Abadie, Rodolphe Vuilleumier, Pierre Vitorge. Stability and Instability of the Isoelectronic UO22+ and PaO2+ Actinyl Oxo-Cations in Aqueous Solution from Density Functional Theory Based Molecular Dynamics. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, American Chemical Society, 2011, 115 (13), pp.3560-3570. ⟨10.1021/jp111726b⟩. ⟨hal-00616985⟩

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