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Nanocomposite electrodes based on pre-synthesized organically capped platinum nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. Part II: Determination of diffusion area for oxygen reduction reflects platinum accessibility

Abstract : In this paper we report the determination of the diffusion area for oxygen reduction in porous electrode structure having a controlled platinum loading and based on capped platinum electrocatalysts and carbon nanotubes. Such a parameter is expected to be higher than the macroscopic geometrical area of the active porous layer. The oxygen diffusion area is determined by cyclic voltammetry after impregnation of the electrode structure by the electrolyte, and using the equations available for peak potential and peak current as a function of scan speed for irreversible redox couple. First it is found first that the oxygen diffusion area is dependent on the total amount of platinum in the electrode. Second, for a given platinum loading, the diffusion area is higher when the mass ratio of platinum to carbon nanotube decreases. This point indicates that the accessibility of platinum capped electrocatalyst is better in such cases. It is thus concluded that the oxygen diffusion area determination in porous electrode structures may be used to characterize the accessibility of the capped electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction. Even if this area is different in nature from the one calculated by Hydrogen Underpotential Deposition, we believe that its determination might be of interest for the characterization of porous electrodes structures in which the electrocatalyst is combined with a finely divided carbon support
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00610906
Contributor : Caroline Lebe Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, July 25, 2011 - 11:37:39 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, January 8, 2022 - 3:45:17 AM

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G. March, F. Volatron, F. Lachaud, X. Cheng, B. Baret, et al.. Nanocomposite electrodes based on pre-synthesized organically capped platinum nanoparticles and carbon nanotubes. Part II: Determination of diffusion area for oxygen reduction reflects platinum accessibility. Electrochimica Acta, Elsevier, 2011, 56 (14), pp.5151-5157. ⟨10.1016/j.electacta.2011.03.057⟩. ⟨hal-00610906⟩

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