Gallium(III) Complexes of DOTA and DOTA-Monoamide: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies

Abstract : Given the practical advantages of the Ga-68 isotope in positron emission tomography applications, gallium complexes are gaining increasing importance in biomedical imaging. However, the strong tendency of Ga3+ to hydrolyze and the slow formation and very high stability of macrocyclic complexes altogether render Ga3+ coordination chemistry difficult and explain why stability and kinetic data on Ga3+ complexes are rather scarce. Here we report solution and solid-state studies of Ga3+ complexes formed with the macrocyclic ligand 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid, (DOTA)(4-), and its mono(n-butylamide) derivative, (DO3AM(Bu))(3-). Thermodynamic stability constants, log K(GaDOTA) = 26.05 and log K(GaDO3AM(Bu)) = 24.64, were determined by out-of-cell pH-potentiometric titrations. Due to the very slow formation and dissociation of the complexes, equilibration times of up to similar to 4 weeks were necessary. The kinetics of complex dissociation were followed by Ga-71 NMR under both acidic and alkaline conditions. The GaDOTA complex is significantly more inert (tau(1/2) similar to 12.2 d at pH = 0 and tau(1/2) similar to 6.2 h at pH = 10) than the GaDO3AM(Bu) analogue (tau(1/2) similar to 2.7 d at pH = 0 and tau(1/2) similar to 0.7 h at pH = 10). Nevertheless, the kinetic inertness of both chelates is extremely high and approves the application of Ga3+ complexes of such DOTA-like ligands in molecular imaging. The solid-state structure of the GaDOTA complex, crystallized from a strongly acidic solution (pH < 1), evidenced a diprotonated form with protons localized on the free carboxylate pendants.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 22, 2011 - 3:05:27 PM
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Vojtech Kubicek, Jana Havlickova, Jan Kotek, Tircso Gyula, Petr Hermann, et al.. Gallium(III) Complexes of DOTA and DOTA-Monoamide: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Studies. Inorganic Chemistry, American Chemical Society, 2010, 49 (23), pp.10960-10969. ⟨10.1021/ic101378s⟩. ⟨hal-00602440⟩

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