Modeling erythroblastic islands: using a hybrid model to assess the function of central macrophage.

S. Fischer 1 P. Kurbatova 2 N. Bessonov 3 Olivier Gandrillon 2, 4 Vitaly Volpert 2, 5 Fabien Crauste 2, 5
1 COMBINING - COMputational BIology and data miNING
LIRIS - Laboratoire d'InfoRmatique en Image et Systèmes d'information, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes
2 DRACULA - Multi-scale modelling of cell dynamics : application to hematopoiesis
CGPhiMC - Centre de génétique et de physiologie moléculaire et cellulaire, Inria Grenoble - Rhône-Alpes, ICJ - Institut Camille Jordan [Villeurbanne]
Abstract : The production and regulation of red blood cells, erythropoiesis, occurs in the bone marrow where erythroid cells proliferate and differentiate within particular structures, called erythroblastic islands. A typical structure of these islands consists of a macrophage (white cell) surrounded by immature erythroid cells (progenitors), with more mature cells on the periphery of the island, ready to leave the bone marrow and enter the bloodstream. A hybrid model, coupling a continuous model (ordinary differential equations) describing intracellular regulation through competition of two key proteins, to a discrete spatial model describing cell-cell interactions, with growth factor diffusion in the medium described by a continuous model (partial differential equations), is proposed to investigate the role of the central macrophage in normal erythropoiesis. Intracellular competition of the two proteins leads the erythroid cell to either proliferation, differentiation, or death by apoptosis. This approach allows considering spatial aspects of erythropoiesis, involved for instance in the occurrence of cellular interactions or the access to external factors, as well as dynamics of intracellular and extracellular scales of this complex cellular process, accounting for stochasticity in cell cycle durations and orientation of the mitotic spindle. The analysis of the model shows a strong effect of the central macrophage on the stability of an erythroblastic island, when assuming the macrophage releases pro-survival cytokines. Even though it is not clear whether or not erythroblastic island stability must be required, investigation of the model concludes that stability improves responsiveness of the model, hence stressing out the potential relevance of the central macrophage in normal erythropoiesis.
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S. Fischer, P. Kurbatova, N. Bessonov, Olivier Gandrillon, Vitaly Volpert, et al.. Modeling erythroblastic islands: using a hybrid model to assess the function of central macrophage.. Journal of Theoretical Biology, Elsevier, 2012, 298, pp.92-106. ⟨10.1016/j.jtbi.2012.01.002⟩. ⟨hal-00596682v2⟩

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