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Geometry and kinematics of Mykonos detachment, Cyclades, Greece: Evidence for slip at shallow dip

Abstract : The eastern part of Mykonos island (Cyclades, Greece) shows the detailed internal structure of a two-branch shallow-dipping extensional detachment system of Miocene age. This paper shows that the last stage of slip along the detachment, during the deposition of syn-rift sediments, occurred with a very low dip and proposes that this geometry prevailed since the initiation of extension. Extensional deformation during and after a 13 Ma old granite intrusion is taken up by two main shallow-dipping shear zones: (1) The lower Livada detachment, which extends laterally across Tinos island, is a ductile structure located at the interface between the granite and the Upper Cycladic Nappe metabasites. A pervasive top-to-the-NE shearing deformation is observed throughout the granite in this island with a strong gradient toward the intrusive contact. Later brittle faults, shallowly and steeply dipping, rework the ductile deformation with the same overall shear sense. (2) The upper Mykonos detachment is brittle and separates the metabasites from late Miocene sandstones and conglomerates. The detachment fault dips 12–15° toward the NNE, and its sense of shear is consistent with that of the Livada detachment. Soft-sediment deformation during the time of detachment faulting and the presence of steep normal faults that root into the detachment gouge indicate a shallow depth of deformation. Rotations about vertical and horizontal axes can be reconstructed within and below the detachment zone, indicating that the overall direction of extension is NNE/SSW with a sense of shear toward the NNE and the dip of the fault is throughout very low. The two detachments have accommodated several tens of kilometers of horizontal extension during the formation of the Aegean Sea, which emphasizes the importance of low-angle extensional faults and shear zones in extensional tectonics.
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Emmanuel Lecomte, Laurent Jolivet, Olivier Lacombe, Yoann Denèle, Loic Labrousse, et al.. Geometry and kinematics of Mykonos detachment, Cyclades, Greece: Evidence for slip at shallow dip. Tectonics, American Geophysical Union (AGU), 2010, 29 (5), pp.1-22. ⟨10.1029/2009TC002564⟩. ⟨hal-00591569⟩



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