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Localization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles in interacting Bose gases with correlated disorder

Abstract : We study the Anderson localization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles (elementary many-body excitations) in a weakly interacting Bose gas of chemical potential $\mu$ subjected to a disordered potential $V$. We introduce a general mapping (valid for weak inhomogeneous potentials in any dimension) of the Bogoliubov-de Gennes equations onto a single-particle Schrödinger-like equation with an effective potential. For disordered potentials, the Schrödinger-like equation accounts for the scattering and localization properties of the Bogoliubov quasiparticles. We derive analytically the localization lengths for correlated disordered potentials in the one-dimensional geometry. Our approach relies on a perturbative expansion in $V/\mu$, which we develop up to third order, and we discuss the impact of the various perturbation orders. Our predictions are shown to be in very good agreement with direct numerical calculations. We identify different localization regimes: For low energy, the effective disordered potential exhibits a strong screening by the quasicondensate density background, and localization is suppressed. For high-energy excitations, the effective disordered potential reduces to the bare disordered potential, and the localization properties of quasiparticles are the same as for free particles. The maximum of localization is found at intermediate energy when the quasicondensate healing length is of the order of the disorder correlation length. Possible extensions of our work to higher dimensions are also discussed.
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Contributor : Pierre Lugan <>
Submitted on : Thursday, August 4, 2011 - 1:38:00 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 12, 2020 - 10:12:08 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, November 5, 2011 - 2:20:34 AM


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Pierre Lugan, Laurent Sanchez-Palencia. Localization of Bogoliubov quasiparticles in interacting Bose gases with correlated disorder. Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2011, 84, pp.013612. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevA.84.013612⟩. ⟨hal-00590511v2⟩



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