Abstract : We derive the equivalent energy of a square lattice that either deforms into the three-dimensional Euclidean space or remains planar. Interactions are not restricted to pairs of points and take into account changes of angles. Under some relationships between the local energies associated with the four vertices of an elementary square, we show that the limit energy can be obtained by mere quasiconvexification of the elementary cell energy and that the limit process does not involve any relaxation at the atomic scale. In this case, it can be said that the Cauchy-Born rule holds true. Our results apply to classical models of mechanical trusses that include torques between adjacent bars and to atomic models.