An accurate optical technique for measuring the nuclear polarisation of 3He gas

Abstract : In the metastability exchange optical pumping cells of our on-site production unit and of our other experimental set-ups, we use a light absorption technique to measure the 3He nuclear polarisation. It involves weak probe beams at 1083 nm, that are either perpendicular or parallel to the magnetic field and cell axis, with suitable light polarisations. When metastability exchange collisions control the populations of the sublevels in the 23S state, absolute values of the 3He ground state nuclear polarisation are directly inferred from the ratio of the absorption rates measured for these probe beams. Our report focuses on the transverse detection scheme for which this ratio, measured at low magnetic field for sigma and pi light polarisations, hardly depends on gas pressure or the presence of an intense pump beam. This technique has been systematically tested both in pure 3He and isotopic mixtures and it is routinely used for accurate control of the optical pumping efficiency as well as for calibration of the NMR system.
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Cavin Talbot, Marion Batz, Pierre-Jean Nacher, Geneviève Tastevin. An accurate optical technique for measuring the nuclear polarisation of 3He gas. JCNS Workshop on Modern Trends in Production and Applications of Polarized 3He, Jul 2010, Ismaning, Germany. pp.012008, ⟨10.1088/1742-6596/294/1/012008⟩. ⟨hal-00562616⟩

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