A Library of Analog Operators Based on the Hodgkin-Huxley Formalism for the Design of Tunable, Real-Time, Silicon Neurons

Abstract : In this paper, we present a library of analog operators used for the analog real-time computation of the Hodgkin–Huxley formalism. These operators make it possible to design a silicon (Si) neuron that is dynamically tunable, and that reproduces different kinds of neurons.We used an original method in neuromorphic engineering to characterize this Si neuron. In electrophysiology, this method is well known as the “voltage-clamp” technique. We also compare the features of an application-specific integrated circuit built with this library with results obtained from software simulations. We then present the complex behavior of neural membrane voltages and the potential applications of this Si neuron.
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Sylvain Saïghi, Yannick Bornat, Jean Tomas, Gwendal Le Masson, Sylvie Renaud. A Library of Analog Operators Based on the Hodgkin-Huxley Formalism for the Design of Tunable, Real-Time, Silicon Neurons. IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems, IEEE, 2011, 5 (1), pp.3-19. ⟨10.1109/TBCAS.2010.2078816⟩. ⟨hal-00562021⟩

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