Electromagnetically induced transparency in inhomogeneously broadened Lambda-transition with multiple excited levels

Abstract : Electromagnetically induced transparency (EIT) has mainly been modelled for three-level systems. In particular, a considerable interest has been dedicated to the Lambda-configuration, with two ground states and one excited state. However, in the alkali-metal atoms, which are commonly used, hyperfine interaction in the excited state introduces several levels which simultaneously participate in the scattering process. When the Doppler broadening is comparable with the hyperfine splitting in the upper state, the three-level Lambda model does not reproduce the experimental results. Here we theoretically investigate the EIT in a hot vapor of alkali-metal atoms and demonstrate that it can be strongly reduced due to the presence of multiple excited levels. Given this model, we also show that a well-designed optical pumping enables to significantly recover the transparency.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2011 - 11:42:36 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 21, 2019 - 2:25:02 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00560253, version 3
  • ARXIV : 1101.6039

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O.S. Mishina, M. Scherman, P. Lombardi, J. Ortalo, D. Felinto, et al.. Electromagnetically induced transparency in inhomogeneously broadened Lambda-transition with multiple excited levels. Physical Review A, American Physical Society, 2011, 83, pp.053809. ⟨hal-00560253v3⟩

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