Energy-Efficient Precoding for Multiple-Antenna Terminals

Abstract : The problem of energy-efficient precoding is investigated when the terminals in the system are equipped with multiple antennas. Considering static and fast-fading multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) channels, the energy-efficiency is defined as the transmission rate to power ratio and shown to be maximized at low transmit power. The most interesting case is the one of slow fading MIMO channels. For this type of channels, the optimal precoding scheme is generally not trivial. Furthermore, using all the available transmit power is not always optimal in the sense of energy-efficiency (which, in this case, corresponds to the communication-theoretic definition of the goodput-to-power (GPR) ratio). Finding the optimal precoding matrices is shown to be a new open problem and is solved in several special cases: 1. when there is only one receive antenna; 2. in the low or high signal-to-noise ratio regime; 3. when uniform power allocation and the regime of large numbers of antennas are assumed. A complete numerical analysis is provided to illustrate the derived results and stated conjectures. In particular, the impact of the number of antennas on the energy-efficiency is assessed and shown to be significant.
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IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011, 59 (1), pp.329 - 340
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Elena Veronica Belmega, Samson Lasaulce. Energy-Efficient Precoding for Multiple-Antenna Terminals. IEEE Transactions on Signal Processing, Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2011, 59 (1), pp.329 - 340. 〈hal-00554965〉

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