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Ciglitazone negatively regulates CXCL1 signaling through MITF to suppress melanoma growth: Negative regulation of MITF/CXCL1 axis by ciglitazone

Abstract : We have previously demonstrated that the thiazolidinedione ciglitazone inhibited, independently of PPAR activation, melanoma cell growth. Further investigations now show that ciglitazone effects are mediated through the regulation of secreted factors. Q-PCR screening of several genes involved in melanoma biology reveals that ciglitazone inhibits expression of the CXCL1 chemokine gene. CXCL1 is overexpressed in melanoma and contributes to tumorigenicity. We show that ciglitazone induces a diminution of CXCL1 level in different human melanoma cell lines. This effect is mediated by the down regulation of microphthalmia-associated transcription factor, MITF, the master gene in melanocyte differentiation and involved in melanoma development. Further, recombinant CXCL1 protein is sufficient to abrogate thiazolidinedione effects such as apoptosis induction, while extinction of the CXCL1 pathway mimics phenotypic changes observed in response to ciglitazone. Finally, inhibition of human melanoma tumor development in nude mice treated with ciglitazone is associated with a strong decrease in MITF and CXCL1 levels. Our results demonstrate that anti-melanoma effects of thiazolidinediones involve an inhibition of the MITF/CXCL1 axis and highlight the key role of this specific pathway in melanoma malignancy.
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Submitted on : Sunday, January 2, 2011 - 3:05:21 AM
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Thomas Botton, Alexandre Puissant, Yann Cheli, Tijana Tomic, Sandy Giuliano, et al.. Ciglitazone negatively regulates CXCL1 signaling through MITF to suppress melanoma growth: Negative regulation of MITF/CXCL1 axis by ciglitazone. Cell Death and Differentiation, Nature Publishing Group, 2010, ⟨10.1038/cdd.2010.75⟩. ⟨hal-00551041⟩

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