Gradient damage models and their use to approximate brittle fracture

Abstract : In its numerical implementation, the variational approach to brittle fracture approximates the crack evolution in an elastic solid through the use of gradient damage models. In this article, we first formulate the quasi-static evolution problem for a general class of such damage models. Then, we introduce a stability criterion in terms of the positivity of the second derivative of the total energy under the unilateral constraint induced by the irreversibility of damage. These concepts are applied in the particular setting of a one-dimensional traction test. We construct homogeneous as well as localized damage solutions in a closed form and illustrate the concepts of loss of stability, of scale effects, of damage localization, and of structural failure. Considering several specific constitutive models, stress
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Kim Pham, Hanen Amor, Jean-Jacques Marigo, Corrado Maurini. Gradient damage models and their use to approximate brittle fracture. International Journal of Damage Mechanics, SAGE Publications, 2011, 20 (4), pp.618-652. ⟨10.1177/1056789510386852⟩. ⟨hal-00549530⟩

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