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Heating control schemes for energy management in buildings

Abstract : Because of both the global energy crisis and the necessary improvement of energy efficiency in buildings, one of the largest sectors of energy consumption and greenhouse gases emissions, a strategy allowing managing energy resources is proposed. Its aim is reducing energy consumption and promoting the use of renewable energy, while ensuring thermal comfort, when heating "multi-energy" buildings, thanks to indoor temperature control schemes. Three schemes (based on a commonly-used PID controller and on the combination of PID and model predictive or fuzzy controllers) were tested in simulation, using dynamic models describing the thermal behavior of a building, and fully met the management strategy's requirements, especially reducing the consumption of fossil energy. Three criteria describing the way energy is used and controlled in real-time were defined with the aim of evaluating the control schemes performance and adapting the strategy to the specific use of a building. The PID-MPC provided the best results while the PID-FLC proved to be a very good compromise, thanks to both the flexibility and the adaptability offered by fuzzy logic, between the easy-to-develop but not-very-efficient PID and the efficient but hard-to-develop PID-MPC.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 6, 2010 - 11:39:08 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2016 - 5:27:41 PM
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Benjamin Paris, Julien Eynard, Stéphane Grieu, Thierry Talbert, Monique Polit. Heating control schemes for energy management in buildings. Energy and Buildings, Elsevier, 2010, 42 (10), pp.1908-1917. ⟨10.1016/j.enbuild.2010.05.027⟩. ⟨hal-00543272⟩

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