Adaptive and Non-adaptive ISI Sparse Channel Estimation Based on SL0 and Its Application in ML Sequence-by-Sequence Equalization

Abstract : In this paper, we firstly propose an adaptive method based on the idea of Least Mean Square (LMS) algorithm and the concept of smoothed l0 (SL0) norm presented in [1] for estimation of sparse Inter Symbol Interface (ISI) channels which will appear in wireless and acoustic underwater transmissions. Afterwards, a new non-adaptive fast channel estimation method based on SL0 sparse signal representation is proposed. ISI channel estimation will have a direct effect on the performance of the ISI equalizer at the receiver. So, in this paper we investigate this effect in the case of optimal Maximum Likelihood Sequence-by-sequence Equalizer (MLSE) [2]. In order to implement this equalizer, we propose a new method called pre-filteredParallel ViterbiAlgorithm(or pre-filteredPVA) for general ISI sparse channels which has much less complexity than ordinary Viterbi Algorithm (VA) and also with no considerable loss of optimality, which we have examined by doing some experiments. Indeed, simulation results clearly showthat the proposed concatenated estimation/equalization methods have much better performance than the usual equalization methods such as Linear Mean Square Equalization (LMSE) for ISI sparse channels, while preserving simplicity at the receiver with the use of PVA.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2010 - 3:40:10 PM
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Rad Niazadeh, Sina Hamidi Ghalehjegh, Massoud Babaie-Zadeh, Christian Jutten. Adaptive and Non-adaptive ISI Sparse Channel Estimation Based on SL0 and Its Application in ML Sequence-by-Sequence Equalization. 9th International Conference Latent Variable Analysis and Signal Separation (LVA/ICA 2010), Sep 2010, Saint Malo, France. pp.579-587. ⟨hal-00526065⟩

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