Mathematical and numerical modeling of early atherosclerotic lesions

Abstract : This article is devoted to the construction of a mathematical model describing the early formation of atherosclerotic lesions. The early stage of atherosclerosis is an inflammatory process that starts with the penetration of low density lipoproteins in the intima and with their oxidation. This phenomenon is closely linked to the local blood flow dynamics. Extending a previous work \cite{CEMR} that was mainly restricted to a one-dimensional setting, we couple a simple lesion growth model relying on the biomolecular process that takes place in the intima with blood flow dynamics and mass transfer. We perform numerical simulations on a two-dimensional geometry taken from \cite{Cheng2005, Cheng2006} that mimicks a carotid artery deformed by a perivascular cast and we compare the numerical results with experimental data.
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Vincent Calvez, Jean-Gabriel Houot, Nicolas Meunier, Annie Raoult, Gabriela Rusnakova. Mathematical and numerical modeling of early atherosclerotic lesions. ESAIM: Proceedings, EDP Sciences, 2010, 30, pp.1-14. ⟨hal-00523348⟩

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