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Minimal-time bioremediation of natural water resources

Abstract : We study minimal time strategies for the treatment of pollution of large volumes, such as lakes or natural reservoirs, with the help of an autonomous bioreactor. The control consists in feeding the bioreactor from the resource, the clean output returning to the resource with the same flow rate. We first characterize the optimal policies among constant and feedback controls, under the assumption of a uniform concentration in the resource. In a second part, we study the influence of an inhomogeneity in the resource, considering two measurements points. With the help of the Maximum Principle, we show that the optimal control law is non-monotonic and terminates with a constant phase, contrary to the homogeneous case for which the optimal flow rate is decreasing with time. This study allows the decision makers to identify situations for which the benefit of using non-constant flow rates is significant.
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Contributor : Alain Rapaport <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 20, 2011 - 4:52:34 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, June 1, 2021 - 12:12:56 PM
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Pedro Gajardo, Jérôme Harmand, Hector Ramirez Cabrera, Alain Rapaport. Minimal-time bioremediation of natural water resources. Automatica, Elsevier, 2011, 47 (8), pp.1764-1769. ⟨10.1016/j.automatica.2011.03.001⟩. ⟨hal-00521118v2⟩



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