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Geodetic constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Aegean region and strain accumulation along the Hellenic subduction zone

Abstract : We present evidence that GPS velocity estimates of plate motions and fault slip rates agree to within uncertainties with geologic estimates during the most recent phase of the geologic evolution of the E Mediterranean region (post-Late Miocene). On this basis, we use the GPS differential velocities to estimate the timing of initiation of the principal structures in NW Turkey, the N Aegean Sea, and central Greece, including, the Marmara Sea, the Gulfs of Evia (GoE) and Corinth (GoC). and the Kephalonia Transform fault (KTF). We interpret these ages to indicate that the North Anatolian fault propagated across the N Aegean, opening the GoE and GoC and initiating the KTF, during the past 1-4 Ma. We further suggest that Aegean extension that was earlier more distributed across the Aegean Basin became focused on this new fault system allowing the southern Aegean and Peloponnisos to translate SW with little internal deformation, as observed today with GPS. This change in tectonic configuration may account for the clear geologic evidence for crustal thinning throughout the S Aegean in apparent contradiction with low present-day strain rates. We further show that the low present-day strain rate along the southern edge of the Aegean micro-plate requires substantial aseismic slip along the plate interface below Crete, consistent with the low level of historic, subduction-type earthquakes along this segment of the subduction zone.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00512634
Contributor : Gm Aigle <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, August 31, 2010 - 10:46:25 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 14, 2020 - 1:08:02 PM

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Robert Reilinger, Simon Mcclusky, Demitris Paradissis, Semih Ergintav, Philippe Vernant. Geodetic constraints on the tectonic evolution of the Aegean region and strain accumulation along the Hellenic subduction zone. Tectonophysics, Elsevier, 2010, 488 (1-4), pp.22-30. ⟨10.1016/j.tecto.2009.05.027⟩. ⟨hal-00512634⟩

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