Ligand-escape pathways from the ligand-binding domain of PPAR gamma receptor as probed by molecular dynamics simulations

Abstract : Conformational rearrangements of peroxysome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR gamma) ligand-binding domain (LBD) that accompany the release and binding of ligands are not well understood. To determine the major events associated with the escape of the partial agonist GW0072, molecular dynamic (MD) simulations were performed using two different methods: reversed targeted molecular dynamics (TMD-1 ) and time-dependent distance restraints (TDR) using as restraints either the root mean square deviation from a reference structure (TMD-1 ) or the distance between the geometrical centers of the binding pocket and of the ligand (TDR). Both methods do not assume any a priori route for ligand extraction. To avoid artifacts, different initial simulation conditions were used and particular attention was paid for giving time to the protein to relax during the extraction process by running 10-12 ns simulations within explicit water. Two distinct exit gates A and B were found, independently of initial conditions and method. During the exit process no interaction between GW0072 and the transactivation AF-2 helix was observed. Our results suggest that the ligand uses the intrinsic flexibility of the protein to move within the receptor. Paths A and B are very similar to those found for other nuclear receptors, suggesting that these routes are a common characteristics of nuclear receptors that are used by different kinds of ligands. Finally, the knowledge of entry/exit pathways of a receptor should be very useful in discriminating between different ligands that could have been favorably docked in the binding pocket by introducing docking along these pathways into computational drug design protocols.
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Daniel Genest, Norbert Garnier, Alban Arrault, Christophe Marot, Luc Morin-Allory, et al.. Ligand-escape pathways from the ligand-binding domain of PPAR gamma receptor as probed by molecular dynamics simulations. European Biophysics Journal, Springer Verlag (Germany), 2008, 37, pp.369-379. ⟨10.1007/s00249-007-0220-9⟩. ⟨hal-00512476⟩



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