Gender Stereotype Conformity and Age as Determinants of Preschoolers' Injury-Risk Behaviors

Abstract : Unintentional injuries continue to be a serious public-health problem for children and are higher for boys than for girls, from infancy through adulthood. Literature on differential socialization concerning risky behaviors and gender stereotypes suggests that sex differences in unintentional injuries could be explained by children's differential feedback to social pressure, leading to behaviors which conform to masculine and feminine stereotypes. We made the prediction that boys' and girls' conformity with masculine stereotypes influences injury-risk behaviors among preschoolers. Masculinity scores, femininity scores, and injury-risk behaviors of 170 three- to six-year-old children (89 boys and 81 girls) were measured indirectly on two scales filled out by their parents. Results show that boys' and girls' injury-risk behaviors are predicted by masculine stereotype conformity and that girls' masculine behaviors decline with increasing age. These results underline the impact of gender roles - and of the differential socialization associated with those roles - on sex differences in children's risky behaviors as early as the preschool period. Injury, Child, Gender, Preschool, Socialization, Stereotype
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [84 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00506618
Contributor : Ifsttar Cadic <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2010 - 2:43:26 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, November 21, 2019 - 10:44:02 AM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, October 29, 2010 - 10:38:39 AM

File

mag_09_AAP-D-09-00311_revised_...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

Marie-Axelle Granié. Gender Stereotype Conformity and Age as Determinants of Preschoolers' Injury-Risk Behaviors. Accident Analysis and Prevention, Elsevier, 2010, Vol42, N2, pp726-733. ⟨10.1016/j.aap.2009.10.022⟩. ⟨hal-00506618⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

312

Files downloads

2648