(Thio)Amidoindoles and (Thio)Amidobenzimidazoles: An Investigation of Their Hydrogen-Bonding and Organocatalytic Properties in the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide

Abstract : The mechanism of the ring-opening polymerization (ROP) of lactide catalyzed by two partner hydrogen-bonding organocatalysts was explored. New amidoindoles 4a,c, thioamidoindoles 4b,d, amidobenzimidazoles 5a,c, and thioamidobenzimidazoles 5b,c were synthesized and used as activators of the monomer. In the solid state and in solution, compounds 4 and 5 showed a propensity for self-association, which was evaluated. (Thio)Amides 4 and 5 do catalyze the ROP of lactide in the presence of a cocatalyst, tertiary amine 3a or 3b, which activates the growing polymer chain through hydrogen-bonding. Reactions were conducted in 2-24 h at 20 degrees C; conversion yields ranged between 22 and 100%. A detailed study of the intermolecular interactions undertaken between the participating species showed that, as expected, simultaneous weak hydrogen bonds do exist to activate the reagents. Moreover, interactions have been revealed between the partner catalysts 4/5+3. ROP catalyzed by these partner activators is thus governed by multiple dynamic equilibria. The latter should be judiciously adjusted to fine-tune the catalytic properties of (thio)amides and organocatalysts, more generally.
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Submitted on : Friday, July 16, 2010 - 4:26:38 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 11, 2018 - 6:28:09 AM

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Sylvain Koeller, Joji Kadota, Frédéric Peruch, Alain Deffieux, Noël Pinaud, et al.. (Thio)Amidoindoles and (Thio)Amidobenzimidazoles: An Investigation of Their Hydrogen-Bonding and Organocatalytic Properties in the Ring-Opening Polymerization of Lactide. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2010, 16 (14), pp.4196-4205. ⟨10.1002/chem.200902912⟩. ⟨hal-00503141⟩

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