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ZO-1 is involved in trophoblastic cell differentiation in human placenta.

Abstract : Trophoblastic cell-cell fusion is an essential event required during human placental development. Several membrane proteins have been described to be directly involved in this process, including connexin 43 (Cx43), syncytin 1 (Herv-W env), and syncytin 2 (Herv-FRD env glycoprotein). Recently, zona occludens (ZO) proteins (peripheral membrane proteins associated with tight junctions, adherens junctions, and gap junctions) were shown to be involved in mouse placental development. Moreover, zona occludens 1 (ZO-1) was localized mainly at the intercellular boundaries between human trophoblastic cells. Therefore the role of ZO-1 in the dynamic process of human trophoblastic cell-cell fusion was investigated using primary trophoblastic cells in culture. In vitro as in situ, ZO-1 was localized mainly at the intercellular boundaries between trophoblastic cells where its expression substantially decreased during differentiation and during fusion. At the same time, Cx43 was localized at the interface of trophoblastic cells and its expression increased during differentiation. To determine a functional role for ZO-1 during trophoblast differentiation, small interfering RNA (siRNA) was used to knock down ZO-1 expression. Cytotrophoblasts treated with ZO-1 siRNA fused poorly, but interestingly, decreased Cx43 expression without altering the functionality of trophoblastic cell-cell communication as measured by relative permeability time constant determined using gap-FRAP experiments. Because kinetics of Cx43 and ZO-1 proteins show a mirror image, a potential association of these two proteins was investigated. By using coimmunoprecipitation experiments, a physical interaction between ZO-1 and Cx43 was demonstrated. These results demonstrate that a decrease in ZO-1 expression reduces human trophoblast cell-cell fusion and differentiation.
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Contributor : Christelle Morillon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 7, 2010 - 11:14:07 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 4:04:03 PM

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Guillaume Pidoux, Pascale Gerbaud, Sédami Gnidehou, Michael Grynberg, Graziello Geneau, et al.. ZO-1 is involved in trophoblastic cell differentiation in human placenta.. American Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology, American Physiological Society, 2010, 298 (6), pp.C1517-26. ⟨10.1152/ajpcell.00484.2008⟩. ⟨hal-00498310⟩



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