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The von Karman Sodium experiment: Turbulent dynamical dynamos

Abstract : The von Karman Sodium (VKS) experiment studies dynamo action in the flow generated inside a cylinder filled with liquid sodium by the rotation of coaxial impellers (the von Karman geometry). We first report observations related to the self-generation of a stationary dynamo when the flow forcing is R-pi-symmetric, i.e., when the impellers rotate in opposite directions at equal angular velocities. The bifurcation is found to be supercritical with a neutral mode whose geometry is predominantly axisymmetric. We then report the different dynamical dynamo regimes observed when the flow forcing is not symmetric, including magnetic field reversals. We finally show that these dynamics display characteristic features of low dimensional dynamical systems despite the high degree of turbulence in the flow.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 15, 2010 - 3:27:07 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 10:08:09 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 15, 2010 - 8:11:14 PM

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Romain Monchaux, Michaël Berhanu, Sébastien Aumaître, Arnaud Chiffaudel, François Daviaud, et al.. The von Karman Sodium experiment: Turbulent dynamical dynamos. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2010, 21 (3), pp.035108. ⟨10.1063/1.3085724⟩. ⟨hal-00492266⟩

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