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The linear relationship between the proportion of Fresh grass in the cow diet, milk fatty acid composition, and butter properties

Abstract : The objective of this study was to examine the synthesis and composition of milk produced by dairy cows that secrete either small milk fat globules (SMFG) or large milk fat globules (LMFG), and to study their response to diets known to alter milk composition. Four groups of 3 multiparous dairy cows were assigned to 2 isoenergetic feeding treatments: a corn silage treatment supplemented with soybean meal, and fresh pasture supplemented with cereal concentrate. The 4 groups comprised 2 groups of 3 dairy cows that produced SMFG (3.44 microm) and 2 groups of 3 dairy cows that produced LMFG (4.53 microm). The SMFG dairy cows produced higher yields of milk, protein, and calcium. Nevertheless, their milk had lower fat and protein contents. Both SMFG and LMFG cows secreted similar amounts of milk fat; therefore, higher globule membrane contents in milk fat were observed in SMFG cows. Higher calcium mineralization of the casein micelles in SMFG cows suggests that it may be possible to improve cheese-making properties even if the lower protein content may lead to lower cheese yields. The SMFG cows secrete milk fat with a higher concentration of monounsaturated fatty acids and a lower concentration of short-chain fatty acids. They also have a higher C18:1/C18:0 ratio than LMFG cows. This suggests that SMFG cows have more s
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00489776
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Submitted on : Monday, June 7, 2010 - 9:47:12 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 3:14:23 PM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00489776, version 1

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Sébastien S. Couvreur, Catherine Hurtaud, Christelle C. Lopez, Luc Delaby, Jean-Louis J.-L. Peyraud. The linear relationship between the proportion of Fresh grass in the cow diet, milk fatty acid composition, and butter properties. Journal of Dairy Science, American Dairy Science Association, 2006, 89, pp.1956-1969. ⟨hal-00489776⟩

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