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Characterization of the HeCo mutant mouse: a new model of subcortical band heterotopia associated with seizures and behavioral deficits.

Abstract : In human, neuronal migration disorders are commonly associated with developmental delay, mental retardation, and epilepsy. We describe here a new mouse mutant that develops a heterotopic cortex (HeCo) lying in the dorsolateral hemispheric region, between the homotopic cortex (HoCo) and subcortical white matter. Cross-breeding demonstrated an autosomal recessive transmission. Birthdating studies and immunochemistry for layer-specific markers revealed that HeCo formation was due to a transit problem in the intermediate zone affecting both radially and tangentially migrating neurons. The scaffold of radial glial fibers, as well as the expression of doublecortin is not altered in the mutant. Neurons within the HeCo are generated at a late embryonic age (E18) and the superficial layers of the HoCo have a correspondingly lower cell density and layer thickness. Parvalbumin immunohistochemistry showed the presence of gamma-aminobutyric acidergic cells in the HeCo and the mutant mice have a lowered threshold for the induction of epileptic seizures. The mutant showed a developmental delay but, in contrast, memory function was relatively spared. Therefore, this unique mouse model resembles subcortical band heterotopia observed in human. This model represents a new and rare tool to better understand cortical development and to investigate future therapeutic strategies for refractory epilepsy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00483179
Contributor : Régis Delage-Mourroux Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, May 12, 2010 - 5:13:44 PM
Last modification on : Monday, October 11, 2021 - 10:04:42 AM

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Alexandre Croquelois, Fabienne Giuliani, Christine Savary, Michel Kielar, Clotilde Amiot, et al.. Characterization of the HeCo mutant mouse: a new model of subcortical band heterotopia associated with seizures and behavioral deficits.. Cerebral Cortex, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2009, 19 (3), pp.563-75. ⟨10.1093/cercor/bhn106⟩. ⟨hal-00483179⟩

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